Yellow Wood Sugar Maple
This is the tree the New Englanders love both for its gorgeous fall colors and for its ability to produce sap needed in syrup and sugar. The slow-growing tree can become one hundred feet tall and is very hearty. The leaves which turn such vivid shades of red, orange, and yellow in autumn are as long as they are wide with five deep pointed lobes and five main veins from the base to the ends of the lobes. Indians taught the settlers how to collect and boil the sap for maple syrup and sugar. It takes thirty-two gallons of sap to make one gallon of syrup of four pounds of sugar. The wood is prized for flooring and veneers. Under abnormal growing conditions, buds cannot develop and force their way through the bark. Then the wood must grow around it forming the especially desirable "bird's eye" maple. In Kentucky we plant the tree solely for its ornamental and shaded value.